Lawn

Fertilizing a Bermuda Lawn

Treeland Nurseries - Thursday, January 06, 2011
Lawns:

TURF ROYAL™ 21-7-14

Rate: 3 - 5 lbs. Turf Royal™ per 1,000 square feet of lawn every 4 to 8 weeks.

Apply a slow & thorough deep watering to area of treatment immediately after application.

Dispersul™ (Soil Conditioner):

When: First Half of February, First Half of May, & Second Half of August.
Rate: 20 lbs. per 1000 square feet of lawn.

Apply a slow & thorough deep watering to area of treatment immediately after application to prevent burning.

Planting a Bermuda Lawn From Seed

Treeland Nurseries - Monday, November 01, 2010
Preparation
  1. Kill all weeds in lawn area 10 days before planting grass seed.
  2. Mow lawn area (if applicable) at lowest setting 3 to 5 days before planting bermuda grass seed.
Installation
  1. Seeding should be done between April 15 and June 15, or when the air temperature at night is above 68 degrees F for an extended period.
  2. Purchase seed at a rate of 1 pound per 300 square feet or 3 pounds per 1,000 square feet of lawn area to be covered and buy 10 to 20 % extra for any touch ups that may be needed.
  3. Use a hand broadcast spreader, a push broadcast spreader, or a drop spreader with the opening set at half the recommended rate for fine grass seed. Broadcast seed in two directions (i.e. North / South and East / West).
  4. Inspect lawn area for uniform coverage of seed, and if necessary, add seed to bare spots.
  5. Cover seed with Treeland Nurseries composted mulch at a rate of 1 cubic foot of topping per 100 square feet of lawn area.
  6. Spread New Lawn StarterTM or equivalent fertilizer at manufacturer's recommended rate over lawn area.
  7. For the first 10 to 14 days, water lawn area 3 to 6 times a day for 2 to 4 minutes each time. KEEP SEEDS MOIST, BUT AVOID STANDING WATER AND RUN-OFF!
Maintenance
  1. After 10 to 14 days, water lawn area, as needed, for 10 to 12 minutes.
  2. Turf Royal™ or Ammonium Phosphate should be applied at a rate of 4 pounds per 1,000 square feet to the lawn area 3 weeks after seedling emergence. Water lawn area immediately following fertilizer application.
  3. The first mowing of grass should be done with a rotary type mower set between 2.25" and 2.75" height. For reel type mowers, set the height to 1.5" and mow lawn area when grass is not more than 1/3 higher than mower setting.
  4. Use Turf Royal™ or FertilomeTM Greenmaker on a regular basis throughout the warm season and into Fall to maintain health and color of grass.
Fall Transition
  1. Overseeding perennial rye is not recommended in the first year on bermuda lawns.
  2. Irrigating established Bermuda/hybrid lawns twice a month in fall to maintain soil moisture; irrigate once a month in winter.

Bermuda Lawn Dethatching

Treeland Nurseries - Monday, November 01, 2010
  1. Mow lawn at shortest setting.
  2. Rent a dethatcher and a sod roller.
  3. Mark sprinkler head locations to prevent damage.
  4. WARNING! Wear protective gear. Dethatch lawn area in two directions.
  5. Rake up lawn clipping and dispose of the remainder.
  6. Spread screened silt over repair areas and in ruts, dips, and low spots.
  7. Spray lawn area with water.
  8. Roll lawn area 3 or 4 times in several directions with half-filled sod roller, then two thirds-filled sod roller.
  9. Spread Ammonium Phosphate fertilizer at manufacturer's recommended rate over lawn area.
  10. Soak lawn area.
  11. Program irrigation timer to water the lawn area 1 time every 3 days for the equivilent of 1" water. AVOID STANDING WATER!

Sod Preparation and Installation

Treeland Nurseries - Monday, November 01, 2010
  1. Set sprinkler height to manufacturer's specification. Pack soil around sprinklers and irrigation trenches.
  2. Rake entire lawn area. Remove rocks, nails, concrete, and other debris.
  3. Move excess soil into low spots.
  4. Water lawn area down for 15 to 30 minutes; let lawn area dry for half a day or overnight.
  5. Rent a sod roller. Roll lawn area in two directions with a half-filled sod roller.
  6. Rake entire lawn area - repeat any filling and packing of low spots (if necessary).
  7. Spread 1 cubic foot of composted mulch per 100 square feet of lawn area. Rake mulch evenly.
  8. Spread 2 pounds of gypsum per 100 square feet of lawn area.
  9. Spread New Lawn StarterTM or equivalent fertilizer at manufacturer's recommended rate over lawn area.
  10. Begin to lay sod out against a long, straight edge.
  11. Push each piece of sod against the previously laid piece and row. Do not line up seams of the sod pieces of one row with the next.
  12. Water any sod that has been laid out for 30 minutes. Repeat watering until installation is complete.
  13. WARNING! Use a sharp serrated knife to cut sod pieces as needed.
  14. Water lawn area heavily.
  15. Roll sod in 2 or 3 directions using a half-filled to two thirds-filled sod roller.
  16. Program irrigation timer to water the new lawn area 3 to 6 times a day for two weeks. AVOID STANDING WATER!

Bermuda Hybrid Comparison

Treeland Nurseries - Monday, November 01, 2010

Midiron
Santa Ana Tif Green
USAGE HOME LAWN
COMMERCIAL
PARK & PLAY
HOME LAWN
COMMERCIAL
PLAY FIELD
HOME LAWN
COMMERCIAL
PUTTING GREEN

COLOR
VERY DARK VERY DARK MEDIUM DARK

TEXTURE
MEDIUM FINE VERY FINE

DENSITY
OPEN DENSE VERY DENSE

INSECT
RESISTANCE
EXCELLENT EXCELLENT GOOD

DISEASE
RESISTANCE
VERY GOOD GOOD GOOD / VERY GOOD

WIND RESISTANCE
VERY GOOD VERY GOOD VERY GOOD

WEAR RESISTANCE
VERY GOOD EXCELLENT VERY GOOD

ALLERGENIC
NO POLLEN NO POLLEN NO POLLEN

SUN / SHADE
SUN - 40% SHADE SUN - 40% SHADE SUN - 40% SHADE

MOWING HEIGHT
1/2" - 2" 3/8" - 3/4" 1/4" - 3/4"

MOWER TYPE
ROTARY / REEL ROTARY / REEL REEL

WINTER COLOR
RETENTION
FAIR VERY GOOD GOOD
HOW TO PLANT SOD
STOLONS
PLUGS
SOD
STOLONS
PLUGS
SOD
STOLONS
PLUGS

Perennial Rye Grass Seeding

Treeland Nurseries - Monday, November 01, 2010
Preparation:
  1. Stop irrigating established Bermuda/hybrid lawns at least 10 days before planting perennial rye grass seed.
  2. Kill all weeds in lawn area 10 days before planting perennial rye grass seed.
  3. Mow lawn area at lowest setting 3 to 5 days before planting perennial rye grass seed.

Installation:
  1. Seeding should be done between October 1 and November 15, or when the soil temperature at a depth of 4" is above 63 degrees F.
  2. Purchase seed at a rate of 1 pound per 75 square feet of lawn area to be covered and buy 10 to 20 % extra for any touch ups that may be needed.
  3. Use a hand broadcast spreader, a push broadcast spreader, or a drop spreader with the opening set at half the recommended rate for rye seeds. Broadcast seed in two directions (i.e. North / South and East / West).
  4. Inspect lawn area for uniform coverage of seed, and if necessary, add seed to bare spots.
  5. Cover seed with composted cow manure or Treeland Nurseries composted mulch at a rate of 1 cubic foot of topping per 100 square feet of lawn area.
  6. Spread New Lawn StarterTM or equivalent fertilizer at manufacturer's recommended rate over lawn area.
  7. For the first 10 to 14 days, water lawn area 3 to 6 times a day for 2 to 4 minutes each time. KEEP SEEDS MOIST, BUT AVOID STANDING WATER AND RUN-OFF!

Maintenance:
  1. After 10 to 14 days, water lawn area, as needed, for 10 to 12 minutes.
  2. Turf RoyalTM or Ammonium Phosphate should be applied at a rate of 5 pounds per 1000 square feet to the lawn area 2 to 3 weeks after seedling emergence. Water lawn area immediately following fertilizer application.
  3. The first mowing of perennial rye grass should be done with a rotary type mower set between 2.25" and 2.75" height. For reel type mowers, set the height to 1.5" and mow lawn area when grass is 1/3 higher than mower setting.
  4. Use Turf RoyalTM or Ammonium Nitrate on a regular basis throughout the cool season to maintain health and color of rye grass.

Spring transition:
  1. When nighttime temperatures reach the lower 60's, stop feeding perennial rye grass.
  2. When nighttime temperatures reach the upper 60's, lower the height of the mower.
  3. Continue to water lawn area on an as needed basis.
  4. When nighttime temperatures reach the lower 70's, Turf Royal™ or Ammonium Phosphate should be applied at a rate of 5 lbs. per 1,000 sq. ft. to the lawn area. Water lawn area immediately following fertilizer application.

Bermuda Lawn Restoration Guide

Treeland Nurseries - Monday, October 11, 2010
FOR EXISTING BERMUDA/HYBRID LAWNS

 PREPARATION:

1. Stop irrigating established Bermuda/hybrid lawns at least 10 days before planting perennial rye grass seed.
2. Kill all weeds in lawn area 10 days before planting perennial rye grass seed.
3. Mow lawn area at lowest setting 3 to 5 days before planting perennial rye grass seed.

INSTALLATION:

1. Seeding should be done between October 1 and November 15, or when the soil temperature at a depth of 4” is above 63 degrees F.
2. Purchase seed at a rate of 1 pound per 75 square feet of lawn area to be covered and buy 10 to 20 % extra for any touch ups that may be needed.
3. Use a hand broadcast spreader, a push broadcast spreader, or a drop spreader with the opening set at half the recommended rate for rye seeds. Broadcast seed in two directions (i.e. North / South and East / West).
4. Inspect lawn area for uniform coverage of seed, and if necessary, add seed to bare spots.
5. Cover seed with composted cow manure or composted mulch at a rate of 1 cubic foot of topping per 100 square feet of lawn area.
6. Spread New Lawn StarterTM or equivalent fertilizer at manufacturer’s recommended rate over lawn area.
7. For the first 10 to 14 days, water lawn area 3 to 6 times a day for 3 to 5 minutes each time. KEEP SEEDS MOIST, BUT AVOID STANDING WATER AND RUN-OFF!

MAINTENANCE:

1. After 10 to 14 days, water lawn area, as needed, for 10 to 12 minutes.
2. Turf RoyalTM or Ammonium Phosphate should be applied at a rate of 5 pounds per 1000 square feet to the lawn area 2 to 3 weeks after seedling emergence. Water lawn area immediately following fertilizer application.
3. The first mowing of perennial rye grass should be done with a rotary type mower set between 2.25” and 2.75” height. For reel type mowers, set the height to 1.5” and mow lawn area when grass is 1/3 higher than mower setting.
4. Use Turf RoyalTM or Calcium Nitrate on a regular basis throughout the cool season to maintain health and color of rye grass.

SPRING TRANSITION: Restoring a healthy Summer lawn!

1. When nighttime temperatures reach the lower 60’s, stop feeding perennial rye grass.
2. When nighttime temperatures reach the upper 60’s, lower the height of the mower.
3. Continue to water lawn area on an as needed basis.
4. When nighttime temperatures reach the lower 70’s, Turf RoyalTM or Ammonium Phosphate should be applied at a rate of 5 pounds per 1000 square feet to the lawn area. Water lawn area immediately following fertilizer application.