Roses

Rose Planting and Care

Monday, November 01, 2010
Bare Root: Mid-December through January
  1. Remove rose bush from plastic bag. Carefully remove paper and sawdust packing material.
  2. Using clean, sharp cutters, remove dead or damaged roots.
  3. Soak roots of rose bush for at least one hour in a mixture of water and root stimulator at manufacturer's recommended rate.
  4. Dig a hole 18" to 24" in diameter and 18" to 24" deep.
  5. Place 2 to 4 cups of Bone Meal or Triple-Super-Phosphate in the bottom of the hole in the shape of a mound.
  6. Make a blend of 1 part Peat Moss, 1 part Composted Mulch, and 2 parts native soil.
  7. Build a cone of soil blend over the fertilizer in the bottom of the hole to a height that will let the graft of the rose bush be 2" to 3" above the grade. Tamp soil into place and check height.
  8. Place the rose bush on top of the cone of soil in the hole. Cover the roots with a layer of soil blend and tamp soil into place. Continue filling and tamping soil until the hole is filled to grade.
  9. Form a 3" to 4" basin around the perimeter of the hole and fill basin with water two times on the first day, then follow recommended watering schedule.
  10. Prune rose bush to keep 4 to 6 good canes that are 8" long. Cut cane to a strong outward facing bud. Low spreading, crossing, or weak canes should be removed.

Container Grown: November through April
  1. Dig a hole 18" to 24" in diameter and 18" to 24" deep.
  2. Place 2 to 4 cups of Bone Meal or Triple-Super-Phosphate in the bottom of the hole in the shape of a mound.
  3. Make a blend of 1 part Peat Moss, 1 part Composted Mulch, and 2 parts native soil.
  4. Fill hole with soil blend over the fertilizer in the bottom of hole to a height that will let the graft of the rose bush be 1" to 2" above grade. Tamp soil into place and check height.
  5. Remove rose bush from container following 'Plant Container Removal Instructions' handout and place into hole.
  6. Fill the hole with soil blend until hole is filled to grade and tamp soil into place.
  7. Form a 3" to 4" basin around the perimeter of the hole and fill basin with water two times on the first day, then follow recommended watering schedule.
  8. Prune rose bush to keep 4 to 6 good canes that are 8" long. Cut cane to a strong outward facing bud. Low spreading, crossing, or weak canes should be removed.

Pruning:
Winter: Remove dead, weak, and old canes that are dark in appearance. Cut all remaining canes to 12" to 18" above grade to a strong outward facing bud. Remove all remaining leaves, rake up all rose litter and discard.

Fall: Remove spent flowers by cutting back 4" to 10" to a strong outward facing bud. Inspect plant for insect infestation and mildew, treat as necessary with appropriate remedy and repeat as needed until problem is resolved.

Climbers: Climbing roses bloom on previous year's growth. They should be pruned immediately after blooming. Old canes should be cut out at the base of the plant above the graft and new canes trained onto the trellis.

Feeding:
Spring: Apply 2 cups of IonateTM soil acidifier to each plant according to manufacturer's recommendations and precautions in mid-February, mid-May, and September. Apply 1/4 cup of Rose Food with Systemic InsecticideTM to each plant according to manufacturer's recommendations and precautions beginning at the end of February and continuing every 6 weeks until mid-May.

Fall: Resume applications of Rose Food with Systemic InsecticideTM to each plant according to manufacturer's recommendations and precautions in September and continue every six weeks until mid November.

Mulching:
The use of 2" to 3" of organic mulch at the base of each plant is strongly recommended to retain moisture and to keep roots cool. Shredded cedar, composted mulch, or non-composted mulch may be used.

Watering: Days after planting, then by Season.
Fall & Winter: 2 - 10 Days
4 Gal.
2 Days
10 - 30 Days
4 Gal.
2 - 4 Days
30 - 90 Days
5 - 7 Gal.
4 - 7 Days
Spring: 2 - 10 Days
4 Gal.
2 Days
10 - 30 Days
4 Gal.
2 - 3 Days
30 - 90 Days
7 - 10 Gal.
4 - 6 Days
Established: After first Summer.
Spring:
8 - 10 Gal.
6 - 10 Days
Summer:
10+ Gal.
4 - 5 Days
Fall:
6 - 10 Gal.
6 - 10 Days
Winter:
8 - 10 Gal.
10 - 21 Days



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